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1.7 Fluoridation has always been a trade-off between lowered tooth decay and an increase in the prevalence of dental fluorosis (discoloration and mottling of the enamel) but a key question was never satisfactorily answered.
When the fluoridation trials began in 1945 it was known that the trade-off was that approximately 10% of the children would develop dental fluorosis in its mildest form. In other words, it was caused by fluoride interfering with biochemistry during the formation of the enamel during the development of the teeth.
In general, according to studies done in India, people with poor diet (low protein, low calcium and low vitamin intake) are more vulnerable to fluoride’s toxic effects.
However, 1.5 There are many biochemical processes that are harmed by fluoride (given a sufficient dose). This is the reason that some of the earliest opponents of fluoridation were biochemists like Professor James Sumner from Cornell University, who won the Nobel Prize for his work on enzyme chemistry.
The use of the public water supply to deliver medical treatment is thwart with problems both practical and ethical. 1.1 It is impossible to control the dose people get.
Once a chemical is added to the water to treat people (as opposed to treating the water to make it safe or palatable to drink) it is impossible to control the dose people get. In short, engineers at the water works can control the concentration added to the water (mg/liter) but no one can control the total dose (mg/day) individuals receive or the dosage (mg/kg/day) that bottle-fed infants receive, a critical consideration because of their very small bodyweight. Once fluoride is put into the water supply it goes to everyone regardless of age, regardless of health or nutritional status.
2) Ph D in Chemistry from Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, USA, 1983 These are the details of my professional experience: 1) I taught chemistry at St. 2) From 1985 to 2013 I have been heavily involved in the issue of waste management.
This has involved researching the literature on the dangers posed by incinerators and landfills.
This has involved the writing of many articles, editorials and submissions to regulatory authorities, including an invited 45-minute presentation to the US National Research Council’s panel (in 2003) that was reviewing the toxicology of fluoride in water at the invitation of the US Environmental Protection Agency.